H.A.S. Johnston.
The Fulani Empire of Sokoto

London. Ibadan. Nairobi: Oxford University Press. 1967. 312 p.


List of Illustrations and Maps
Proper Names
Notes on Rare and Unpublished Sources

  1. Hausaland and the Hausas
  2. The Fulani
  3. Shehu Usman dan Fodiyo
  4. The Start of the Jihad
  5. The Jihad in Sokoto
  6. The Jihad in Katsina, Kano, and Zazzau
  7. The Jihad in Bornu
  8. The Jihad in Adamawa and Bauchi
  9. The Consolidation of the Empire
  10. The Religious Controversy with El-Kanemi and the Death of Shehu
  11. Sultan Bello — the First Ten Years
  12. Sultan Bello — the Second Ten Years
  13. The Jihad in Nupe and Ilorin
  14. The Middle Years
  15. Trade and the Economy
  16. The Machinery of Government
  17. Cracks in the Edifice
  18. The Kebbi Wars
  19. Gathering Clouds
  20. The Royal Niger Company
  21. Sultan Abdu
  22. A Year of Disasters
  23. The Fall of Sokoto



The Fulani Empire of Sokoto was the last of the five great empires that rose and fell in the Sudan between the eighth and twentieth centuries. It was founded by three men of the same family, probably the most remarkable triumvirate that Africa has yet produced, and it developed a society which, in its heyday, was perhaps better governed and more highly civilized than any other that Africans had until then evolved.
The late author, who for over twenty years was an Administrative Officer in Northern Nigeria, the core of the Sokoto Empire, was an accomplished Hausa scholar who also published a volume of translations. He was therefore able to supplement the established English and Arabic authorities by introducing new information gathered from Fulani and Hausa sources, much of which he collected himself in the course of his service. More important still, every chapter of his history is illuminated by an intimate knowledge of the country and genuine sympathy with its people.

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